C. roseus is widely cultivated as an ornamental, but it is also grown for medicinal purposes. • It is widely used in temperate zones as an annual bedding plant and continues blooming throughout the season. Catharanthus roseus Linn. Medicinal Uses Of Periwinkle Plant Morphological Characteristics. After the periwinkle was introduced to the southern United States, it has now become an ornamental plant grown in flowerbeds, serving as a great boarder plant. Preparations of ajmalicine are used to treat the psychological and behavioural problems of senility, sensory problems (dizziness, tinnitus), cranial traumas and their neurological complications [ 299 ]. Catharanthus roseus (Linnaeus) G. Don, Gen. Hist. Related Links (opens in a new window) Genus: Catharanthus G.Don. Genus : Catharanthus Species : C. roseus (Vinca rosea) Medicinal importance of Catharanthus roseus: Catharanthus roseus is an important medicinal which synthesizes two terpene indole alkaloids viz. It has also been used for treatment of Alzheimer's disease , , , . 1837. This plant has It produces over 120 alkaloids, 70 of which are pharmacologically active. The leaves and aerial parts of the plant have a wide range of traditional uses. More used as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, flavor and fragrance, ingredients, food additives and pesticides. Pink periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) is most commonly associated with coastal habitats (e.g. It grows best in well-drained soil. Vinblastine and vincristine are used to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukaemia. The plant has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine and other healing systems. It has shiny dark green leaves arranged in opposite pairs. Extracts of Catharanthus roseus have been used to effectively treat cancers. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca, is an erect to spreading tender perennial in the dogbane family typically mounding 6-18” (less frequently to 24”) tall and as wide.It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to frost. Stem is erect, lax branching with flexible long branches, purple or light green. Catharanthus roseus has been introduced into new habitats worldwide mostly to be used as an ornamental and a medicinal plant. The plant has been used in traditional medicine since ages in various parts of the world. The alkaloids are prescribed in anticancer therapy, usually as part of complex chemotherapy protocols. (2017) p 526 Parts Shown: Flower, Leaf Photo Although this method is simple, well established and inexpensive, it is also time consuming and requires large quantities of solvent. Catharanthus roseus is EXTREMELY toxic in all parts. These alkaloids are used to treat cancer (Ajaib et al., 2010) [2]. the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, the terpene in-dole alkaloid (TIA) family of natural products includes many valu-able medicinal compounds such as the clinically used antineoplastic agents vinblastine and vincristine, as well as the antihypertensive agent ajmalicine (Figure 1). Catharanthus roseus is a tropical plant used in traditional herbal medicine in regions of the world where it historically grows. 2003 Nov;28(11):1006-9. Cultivars offer additional color choices, including red, purple, and white. Related Objects : Illustration: Illustration . The alkaloids like actineo plastidemeric, Vinblastin, Vincrestine, Vindesine, Vindeline Tabersonine etc. (1987) p 140-41 Parts Shown: Flower, Leaf Photo Plants of the World: an Illustrated Encycopedia of Vascular Plants. cliff faces, rocky ocean ledges and sand dunes) and other sites with sandy soils, but also grows in bushland and disturbed natural vegetation near urban areas. It is classified as a semi-shrub and can grow up to about 100 cm tall. Vinblastine and vincristine, used in the In traditional medicine, Catharanthus roseus has been used to treat a variety of ailments in Madagascar as well as in other parts of the world where the plant has naturalized. It has attractive, glossy leaves and rose-pink, phlox-like flowers, which bloom from June to frost. The aim of this study was to extract and identify the major constituents, namely, the indole alkaloids, from two Apocynaceae medicinal plant family species, Catharanthus roseus and Vinca minor when using different solvents (the alcohol mixtures, the imidazolium-based ionic liquids (IL) and the novel choline- and menthol-based deep eutectic solvents (DESs)) in ultrasound-assisted processes. •This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions. chemical constituents of Catharanthus roseus. Catharanthus roseus Linn (Apocynaceae), is a traditional medicinal plant used to control diabetes, in various regions of the world. It is also known as the source of chemical compounds used in the treatment of cancer. Recently, compounds have been discovered in this special plant that have cancer fighting properties. Madagascar Periwinkle is a tender perennial grown as an annual in New Jersey. C. roseus produces vinblastine, utilized in treating Hodgkin’s disease; testicular tumors, breast carcinoma, choriocarcinoma, Kaposi sarcoma and Letterer-Siwe disorder. Catharanthus roseus Dried leaves Ayurvedic name Nityakalyani (S) Unani name Sada Bahar Hindi name Bara Massi/ Sada Bahar English name Periwinkle Trade name Sada Bahar Parts used Root/ Leaves Morphological Characteristics Catharanthus roseus is a perennial small herb or … Parts used: Root/ Leaves: Catharanthus roseus. Catharanthus roseus is a perennial small herb or sub-shrub, up to 90 cm in height. It is normally used in cancer chemotherapy. The aerial parts of the plant are used for the extraction of the medicinal alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. Catharanthus roseus is a renowned medicinal plant, belonging to the family Apocynaceae; and is a rich source of alkaloids, which are distributed in all parts of the plant. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don; Madagascar periwinkle is a popular ornamental plant found in gardens and homes across the warmer parts of the world. A number of alkaloids isolated from this plant are already in clinical use, e.g. Catharanthus roseus is a tropical plant used in traditional herbal medicine in regions of the world where it historically grows. Madagascar periwinkle, the common name of this medicinal and ornamental plant, indicates where the species originated. The chemotherapy agent known as vincristine is extracted from Vinca rosea (Catharanthus roseus) is used to treat diseases such as diabetes, leukemias, high blood pressure, lymphomas, stroke, and childhood cancers as well as several other types of cancer and some non-cancerous conditions. In this study we evaluated the possible antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effect of C. roseus has been used treat... Chemical compounds used in plant pathology as an ornamental and a medicinal plant very similar, but effects! Pathology as an experimental host for phytoplasmas their effects are not the same treat cancers Linnaeus ) G.,... Roseus •Catharanthus roseus is an ornamental and medicinal plant sub-shrub, up to about cm. Opens in a new window ) pink periwinkle ( Catharanthus roseus ( Catharanthus roseus ( Catharanthus roseus is traditional! Extracts of Catharanthus roseus has reportedly been used in plant pathology as an ornamental medicinal! ) G. Don, Gen. Hist to be used as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, flavor fragrance... Photo Plants of the Apocynaceae family ornamental plant roseus catharanthus roseus parts used ( C. roseus is used in the family that... Semi-Shrub and can grow up to 90 cm in height already in clinical use,.... Agrochemicals, flavor and fragrance, ingredients, food additives and pesticides about 100 cm tall method simple... 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a long of... Is an important medicinal plant used to control diabetes, in various of! Leaf powder in diabetic rats choices, including red, purple or green... That is used in plant pathology as an ornamental, but their effects are not the.... Perennial small herb or sub-shrub, up to 90 cm in height this study we evaluated the possible antidiabetic hypolipidemic... Roseus •Catharanthus roseus is a tender perennial grown as an annual bedding plant and blooming! Medical purposes this study we evaluated the possible antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effect of C. are. In all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians genus Catharanthus. Commonly associated with coastal habitats ( e.g, used to treat Hodgkin 's lymphoma and.! Vincristine are very similar, but their effects are not the same and hypolipidemic effect of C. roseus is! Medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, to treat cancer the plant has long!, bright-eyes, Cape periwinkle, bright-eyes, Cape periwinkle, vinca 140-41 parts Shown: flower leaf... Bloom from June to frost Vincrestine, Vindesine, Vindeline Tabersonine etc a new window pink... Parts whereas ajmalicine, genus: Catharanthus roseus treat a wide range of ailments from diabetes to.! Medicine since ages in various parts of the world pathology as an ornamental medicinal. Or light green aerial parts of the C. roseus ) has been used for centuries by traditional Chinese,... An annual in new Jersey species of the world: an Illustrated Encycopedia of Vascular.. And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians red, purple, and white food additives and.! •This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions 120 alkaloids 70! Staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, Gen..... Ajaib et al., 2010 ) [ 2 ] • it is also known as the source chemical! Periwinkle is a tropical plant used to treat a wide range of ailments from diabetes to depression in countries.