And it’s got some shade … This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence and two large shade trees blocking early and mid morning sun. Zoysia grass vs. St. Augustine for heavy shade. I guess it also has, if you were comparing it to the St. Augustine, the Zoysias have some pretty decent shade tolerance. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer a beautiful ground cover with reasonable maintenance needs. Zorro is the #1 rated zoysia grass in the NTEP trials. Drought Tolerant. There are three main types of soil: sandy, clay and loamy soil. Downside is they do not have good wear resistance but recover much faster from damage. Developed to over-take the St. Augustine market, Zoysia forms a dense turf that keeps weeds out and is relatively disease and insect free. During periods of drought, zoysias go off-color with their natural dormancy mechanism. They are living products, so they require nourishment just as we do. Take a look at some of our top recommended products for these lawn diseases. Believe me, Palisades Zoysia looks 100% better than St. Aug. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. Different varieties grow at different speeds, so this isn’t always the case. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. Zoysias and St. Augustines don’t only differ in color—they also differ in blade widths. Find the right grass for your location and needs with our Sod Selector tool. Rhizomes strike new roots downward into the soil and also shoot stems upwards. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. EMPIRE is a beautiful grass but in the really shaded areas, it is thinner than the areas that get much sunlight. It demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat and drought tolerance. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their shade tolerance ranks second to that of St. Augustine’s. 419 Tifway (not such a pest to flower beds like common Bermuda) Celebration; St. Augustine: Sun, moderate shade. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. This helps you will have success with a wider variety of site and soil conditions. The fine-bladed Zoysia grasses are about as shade tolerant as the most shade tolerant St. Augustine grass we sell, which is Palmetto. At Sod Solutions, one of our top grasses for shaded areas is Palmetto® St. Augustine. With more than two billion sq. There are some superior varieties, like Innovation Zoysia, that are immune to the bluegrass billbug, however. The same can be said with St. Augustine. I have EMPIRE zoysia out under a shade tree that gets probably 3 hours of direct sunlight per day. While Zoysia grass is often marketed as being more drought tolerant than St. Augustine grass, Zoysia requires just as much water in terms of frequency and volume as St. Augustine to remain green and attractive. Proper mowing height and frequency is crucial to the health and appearance of a Zoysia grass lawn. Zoysia grasses are usually mowed at a height of .5–2 inches whereas St. Augustines are generally mowed at a height of 2–4 inches. St. Augustine also tends to have a higher salt tolerance than zoysias, so you will typically see more St. Augustines along the coasts or around areas high in salt content. Each cultivar of zoysia and St. Augustine performs differently as they were bred at different times with varying goals in mind. St. Augustine blade widths vary as well. The best you can do is mow the zoysia in the shade a little higher and feed it a little less to help it tolerate the shade it’s in. A rhizome runs underground horizontally—often just underneath the surface of the soil. Palmetto St. Augustine is the most shade tolerant of the St Augustine varieties. Zoysia grasses are as drought tolerant as Buffalo and Bermuda grasses. Although both grasses can encounter many different fungus outbreaks, the ones zoysias most frequently experience are brown spot, rust and leaf spot. Palisade zoysia is not as shade tolerant as St Augustine. Zoysias and St. Augustines can be plagued by different insects, bugs and grubs including mole crickets, billbugs, armyworms, white grub worms, sod webworms, ants, grass spiders or spittlebugs. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. Although both zoysia grasses and St. Augustines require about one inch of water per week including rainfall, zoysia grass varieties have the ability to survive during a period of drought. It’s also important to note that there are a few big key differences between warm season and cool season varieties. Turf expert Clint Waltz says “Emerald zoysiagrass doesn’t grow really strong in limited light conditions (i.e. There are many types of St. Augustine and zoysia grass available to the homeowner, so a lot of these characteristics may vary depending on the cultivar of St. Augustine and zoysia selected for sod installation. No matter which type of turfgrass variety you choose for installation, every one of them is going to need some form of nutrition. St. Augustines perform well in soils with a wider pH range that’s between 5.0–8.5, but St. Augustines need soils with good drainage to thrive. I'm curious as to how well Zoysia grass (in sod form) will hold up in an area that is well shaded vs. St. Augustine sod. Pictured above from left to right: Innovation Zoysia and CitraBlue St. Augustine. They are usually better than zoysias at choking out weeds for this reason. Zorro is rapidly replacing many St. Augustine and centipede lawns due to its great shade tolerance, durability, disease resistance and beauty. Zoysia grass is drought and shade tolerant as well as slow growing. St. Augustines are considered “good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery, although the superior variety, CitraBlue, has a better wear tolerance than most other St. Augustine varieties. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. Take a look at some of our most popular insecticides below. So of your two choices: St. Augustine grass is generally regarded as one of the most shade-tolerant species of grass available to home owners, and grows healthily in shady areas that would be unsuitable for many other species of grass. Once established, this dense turf tends to choke out weeds. St. Augustine is the most popular, Sandri says, because it tolerates shade well. While planting seeded cultivars of zoysiagrass is cheaper than buying and planting plugs, they generally do not perform as well. Here’s the short and sweet of my research: Palisade Zoysia is the most shade tolerant of the zoysia and is currently only available in sod. There are other zoysiagrass cultivar better adapted to shade and I … Zoysia is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, although tolerance does not mean preference. For more information on the differing soil types, be sure to take a look at our Soil Management for Lawns and Gardens blog. St. Augustine grass is the best choice for lawn grass in shade, but if too much shade is a problem, St. Augustine will struggle, thin and eventually fade away. Zoysia will perform well in all three of these soils whereas St. Augustine performs best in loamy and sandy soils. St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Pictured above from left to right: Zorro, El Toro, Palisades and Meyer Zoysia. You need to dethatch it every … A lot of homeowners aren’t sure where to even start with this process. Aaron Kirk Google Review. Houston Grass, All Rights Reserved. EMPIRE is another zoysia grass that demonstrates immunity to another common pest found in St. Augustines—the chinch bug. ft. sold, Palmetto is the most purchased patented turfgrass in the world. For more general information on the seasonal maintenance required, check out our Zoysia Homeowner Maintenance Guide and St. Augustine Homeowner Maintenance Guide. All three of these grasses are available from regional sod farms and the visual differences of these choices are great. JaMur needs less water and less fertilizer than other standard lawn grasses. Shade Tolerance. Emerald Zoysia (Zoysia 'Emerald') is a cultivar of Zoysia grass with a thin bladed leaf that forms a very lush lawn. You can learn more about some of the most common of these in our Insect Identification blog. I have both. This grass has a fine, soft texture and can be left unmown as it only grows to a height of 6–12 inches (15–30 cm). It is a very fine bladed zoysia with a deep, green color that is suitable for golf courses, commercial and residential lawns. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. Overall, zoysias are typically fine turfgrasses with a smooth feel. I have St. Augustine grass in my backyard. St. Augustines frequently experience brown patch and grey leaf spot. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. They also recover better from dethatching and lower mowing heights. St. Augustines have a much thicker blade than zoysia grasses. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. St. Augustines, however, are more prone to pests like chinch bugs, white grub worms, sod webworms or fall armyworms that love to feed on the grass blades and roots. There are also outliers like Palmetto, a semi-dwarf St. Augustine, which should be mowed at a height of 1.5–2.5 inches. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Each product is labeled with application instructions to treat certain turfgrass diseases. Finer-bladed zoysias, … Both St. Augustine and zoysia require a certain amount of macro and micronutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese and sulfur. It does not perform as well in shaded areas. It grows vertically and is more dense. All zoysia grass performs best in full sun, but it tolerates light to moderate shade, with some tolerating these conditions better than others. 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